Theoretical and Natural Science

- The Open Access Proceedings Series for Conferences

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The proceedings series Theoretical and Natural Science (TNS) is an international peer-reviewed open access series which publishes conference proceedings from a wide variety of disciplinary perspectives concerning theoretical studies and natural science issues. The series publishes articles that are research-oriented and welcomes theoretical articles concerning micro and macro-scale phenomena. Proceedings that are suitable for publication in the TNS cover domains on various perspectives of mathematics, physics, chemistry, biology, agricultural science, and medical science. The series aims to provide a high-level platform where academic achievements of great importance can be disseminated and shared.

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December 21, 2022

Theoretical and Natural Science - Gender and Diversity pledge

We pledge to our series community:

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December 6, 2021

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  • February 22, 2023, Good News! Welcome Dr. Marwan Omar from Illinois Institute of Technology to give a speech at CONF-CIAP 2023!
  • February 21, 2023, Good News! Welcome Dr. Roman Bauer from University of Surrey to give a speech at CONF-CIAP 2023!
  • February 21, 2023, Good News! Welcome Dr. Achintya Haldar from University of Arizona to give a speech at CONF-CIAP 2023!
  • February 14, 2023, Good News! Welcome Dr. Alvina Haseeb from Auckland University to give a speech at ICMMGH 2023!
  • February 13, 2023, Good News! Welcome Dr. Alan Wang from Auckland University to give a speech at ICBioMed 2023!
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    Latest articles

    Open Access | Article

    This study aims to explore the variation patterns of total flavonoid and other antioxidant activities in watermelon peel yogurt, providing a basis for the production of a functional yogurt. Using watermelon peel as the raw material and total flavonoid content as the indicator, the optimal process of watermelon peel yogurt was optimized through single-factor and orthogonal experiments. The results indicate that yogurt fermented with a mass ratio of watermelon juice to milk at 1:3, fermentation time of 10 hours, and fermentation agent dosage of 0.10% exhibits a refreshing watermelon aroma, excellent texture, and almost no whey separation. After process optimization, the polysaccharide content of watermelon peel yogurt increased by 19%, and water-holding capacity rose to 63.3%. Texture analysis revealed a hardness of 81.50 g, viscosity of 20.00 g, adhesiveness of 1.20 mJ, elasticity of 8.83 mm, and a draw length of 6.76 mm. The physicochemical and microbiological properties of watermelon peel yogurt meet national standards, and it possesses a good free radical scavenging ability.

    Open Access | Article

    Due to the different divergence angles in two perpendicular directions and the presence of astigmatism in edge-emitting semiconductor lasers, the communication distance and efficiency of underwater communication are seriously affected. Therefore, based on the fact that the semiconductor laser beam belongs to Gaussian beam, satisfying Gaussian characteristics and collimating and expanding characteristics, a system composed of fast-axis collimation mirror and variable magnification beam expander is designed. Simulation is performed, and the final divergence angle is calculated. Experimental results show that the divergence angles of the fast axis and the slow axis have been compressed from 49° and 9°, respectively, to 0.315 mrad and 0.180 mrad. Simulation demonstrates that the system can achieve propagation over a distance of 100m underwater and solve the alignment difficulty of APT. The designed structure is compact, easy for processing and adjustment, with high practical value, which helps to solve the problems of optical energy loss and low coupling efficiency in underwater long-distance communication.

    Open Access | Article

    In the actual financial market, the classical Black-Scholes (B-S) model can’t perfectly describe the process of stock price. Besides, memory effect is an important phenomenon in financial systems. Thus, in this paper, we establish a fractional order stochastic differential equations (FSDE) which is driven by fractional Brownian motion (fBm) to describe the effect of noise memory and trend memory in financial pricing. Finally, we derive a European option pricing formula based on the established model. After conducting an empirical analysis based on the SSE 50ETF, we find that the established model performs better than the traditional one.

    Open Access | Article

    The shock tube is a crucial experimental apparatus in the field of explosive impact. Limited research has been conducted on the visualization of the internal flow field in shock tubes under blockage conditions, and there is a lack of comprehensive understanding of the mechanisms behind blockage effects. This paper presents experimental and numerical investigations into the propagation of shock waves inside a shock tube and their interaction with obstructive elements. Blockage effect experiments were conducted on a shock tube test platform, where pressure data were obtained through a pressure monitoring system. Additionally, schlieren imaging technology was employed to visualize the evolution of shock wave fronts. A two-dimensional numerical model of the shock tube was established using Fluent software, and the computed results exhibited excellent agreement with the experimental data, confirming the accuracy of the numerical model. The mechanism of the blockage effect was revealed through analysis of pressure-time curves and images depicting the evolution of shock wave fronts. Furthermore, adjustments to parameters on the validated numerical model allowed for analysis and comparison of different blockage ratios. The results indicate that the disturbance to the flow field caused by the blockage effect is primarily due to the reflection of shock waves between the front surface of the obstructive element and the shock tube wall. This reflection leads to differences in pressure curves compared to free-field conditions, and such differences increase with higher blockage ratios.

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