Series Vol. 6 , 03 August 2023
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
With the relevant anti-smoking policy introduced by the state, people realized the significance of smoking cessation. Therefore, E-cigarettes were regarded as a replacement of cigarettes. The analysis, which is about prevalence trends, the reason about taking systematical review, and the value of systematical review, explains this review’s stand. In this paper, the 9 articles from PubMed was collected and organized for classification.The dangers of human health is caused by the special component of e-cigarettes. Generally speaking, some countries’ legislate measures related to tobacco control have not fully met the requirements of the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control and played a role in protecting people from tobacco hazards, displaying in the lack of smoke-free legislation in public places at the national level, relatively low tobacco consumption taxes, no comprehensive ban on tobacco sponsorship. The control of e-cigarettes as tobacco products in many countries may not achieve the purpose of strict regulation. The authority believed to add punishment to people who sell novel flavor e-cigarettes should let them take legal responsibility. Furthermore, schools should increase publicity and education about public and individual health, to promote people’s health awareness and stop them from using e-cigarettes at a relatively young age.The objective of this review is to spot literature and describe the effects of e-cigarettes on public human health. Through researching and comparing articles, this article discusses the reason of smoking, the lack in policies in public health, and the solutions what people should take.
e-cigarettes, nicotine addiction, cigarettes cessation, lung diseases, respiratory system
1. Dr Priscilla Callahan-Lyon, Office of Science, Center for Tobacco Products, et al.Electronic cigarettes: human health effects. Tob Control. 2014 May; 23(Suppl 2): ii36–ii40. [PubMed]
2. Chatham-Stephens K, et al. Characteristics of hospitalized and nonhospitalized patients in a nationwide outbreak of E-cigarette, or vaping, product use-associated lung injury - United States, MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. November 2019. 2019;68(46):1076–1080. doi: 10.15585/mmwr.mm6846e1. [PMC free article] [PubMed] [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
3. Maxwell L Smith, Michael B Gotway, Laura E Crotty Alexander, Lida P Hariri; Vaping-related lung injury; Virchows Arch. 2021; 478(1): 81–88.; 2020 Oct 27; [PubMed].
4. Czogala J, Goniewicz ML, Fidelus B, Zielinska-Danch W, Travers MJ, Sobczak A. Secondhand exposure to vapors from electronic cigarettes. Nicotine Tob.Res. 2014;16(6):655–662. [PMC free article] [PubMed] [Google Scholar] [Ref list]
5. Crotty Alexander LE, et al. Electronic cigarettes: the new face of nicotine delivery and addiction. J Thorac Dis. 2015;7(8): E248–E251.
6. Yaser T Dawod, Noah E Cook, William B Graham, Farah Madhani-Lovely, Choua Thao. Smoking-associated interstitial lung disease: update and review. Expert Rev Respir Med. 2020 Aug;14(8):825-834. doi: 10.1080/17476348.2020.1766971. Epub 2020 May 22. DOI: 10.1080/17476348.2020.1766971. [PubMed]
7. Cai H, Wang C. Graphical review: the redox dark side of e-cigarettes; exposure to oxidants and public health concerns. Redox Biol. 2017; 13:402–406. [PMC free article] [PubMed] [Google Scholar] [Ref list]
8. Public Health Policies on E-Cigarettes, Aditya Bhalerao, Farzane Sivandzade, Sabrina Rahman Archie, and Luca Cucullo
9. Yaser T Dawod, Noah E Cook, William B Graham, Farah Madhani-Lovely, Choua Thao. Smoking-associated interstitial lung disease: update and review. Expert Rev Respir Med. 2020 Aug;14(8):825-834. doi: 10.1080/17476348.2020.1766971. Epub 2020 May 22. DOI: 10.1080/17476348.2020.1766971
The datasets used and/or analyzed during the current study will be available from the authors upon reasonable request.