Theoretical and Natural Science

- The Open Access Proceedings Series for Conferences

Theoretical and Natural Science

Vol. 6, 03 August 2023

Open Access | Article

Evaluation of school-based obesity prevention model

Gege Liu * 1
1 Fryeburg Academy

* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.

Theoretical and Natural Science, Vol. 6, 8-14
Published 03 August 2023. © 2023 The Author(s). Published by EWA Publishing
This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Citation Gege Liu. Evaluation of school-based obesity prevention model. TNS (2023) Vol. 6: 8-14. DOI: 10.54254/2753-8818/6/20230109.


Obesity is a prevalent disease found among adolescents in the United States. The rising incidence in recent years has raised concerns among the public, for obesity is known as the risk factor for several chronic and severe diseases. Programs aimed at treating and preventing childhood obesity are therefore in high demand. Since the enrollment of American youth–who are between 5 and 17 years old–in schools is higher than in any other institution in the United States, schools can implant effective obesity-targeted programs by providing cheap, convenient, and accessible settings for treating and preventing obesity for the student population. This article will review and analyze the success of primary preventive initiatives implemented in schools by comparing the effectiveness of four out of eight components of am integrated comprehensive model for school-based prevention of obesity: physical education courses, food service and nutrition environment, school-site health promotion, and health service. At the end of this article, a future research plan will be introduced. A sample of 154 residential students from a local high school located in Fryeburg, Maine will be observed and surveyed to test the effectiveness of the school-based primary prevention model for obesity.


obesity, school, prevention model


1. Copeland KC, Chalmers LJ, Brown RD. Type 2 diabetes in children: oxymoron or medical metamorphosis. Pediatr Ann. 2005;34:686–697.

2. Kann L, McManus T, Harris WA, Shanklin SL, Flint KH, Hawkins J, et al. Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance — United States, 2015. MMWR Surveill Summ 2016;65(6):1–174.

3. O’Connor EA, Evans CV, Burda BU, Walsh ES, Eder M, Lozano P. Screening for obesity and intervention for weight management in children and adolescents: evidence report and systematic review for the US Preventive Services Task Force. JAMA 2017;317(23):2427–44.

4. Liu LL, Lawrence JM, Davis C, Liese AD, Pettitt DJ, Pihoker C, Dabelea D, Hamman R, Waitzfelder B, Kahn HS; SEARCH for Diabetes in Youth Study Group. Prevalence of overweight and obesity in youth with diabetes in USA: the SEARCH for Diabetes in Youth study. Pediatr Diabetes. 2010 Feb;11(1):4-11.

5. Institute of Medicine. Weighing the options. Criteria for evaluating weight-management programs. National Academic Press: Washington, 1998, pp 210- 233.

6. Allensworth DD, Kolbe LJ. The comprehensive school health program. Exploring an expanded concept. J School Health 1987; 57: 409 - 412.

7. Chaddha A., Jackson E.A., Richardson C.R., Franklin B.A. Technology to Help Promote Physical Activity. Am. J. Cardiol. 2017;119:149–152.

8. Janssen I., Leblanc A.G. Systematic review of the health benefits of physical activity and fitness in school-aged children and youth. Int. J. Behav. Nutr. Phys. Act. 2010;7:40.

9. Hu EY, Ramachandran S, Bhattacharya K, Nunna S. Obesity Among High School Students in the United States: Risk Factors and Their Population Attributable Fraction. Prev Chronic Dis. 2018 Nov 8;15:E137.

10. United States, Department of Health and Human Sciences (USDHHS), Public Health Service. Guidelines for school and community programs to promote lifelong physical activity among young people. MMWR 1997; 46: 1 - 36.

11. Kahan D, McKenzie TL. The potential and reality of physical education in controlling overweight and obesity. Am J Public Health. 2015 Apr;105(4):653-9.

12. Burghardt J, Devaney B. The School Nutrition Dietary Assess- ment Study. Mathmatica Policy Research: Princeton, 1993.

13. Wier, L., Ayers, G., Jackson, A. et al. Determining the amount of physical activity needed for long-term weight control. Int J Obes 25, 613–621 (2001).

14. National school lunch program and school breakfast program: nutrition objectives for school meals (7 CFR 210, 220). Fed Regist 1994; 59: 30218 - 30251.

15. Wolfe WS, Campbell CC. Nutritional health of school-aged children at Upstate New York: What are the problems and what can schools do? Cornell University: New York, 1991.

16. Bowman SA, Gortmaker SL, Ebbeling CB, Pereira MA, Ludwig DS. Effects of fast-food consumption on energy intake and diet quality among children in a national household survey. Pediatrics. 2004 Jan;113(1 Pt 1):112-8.

17. Story, M. “School-Based Approaches for Preventing and Treating Obesity.” Nature News, Nature Publishing Group, 26 Apr. 1999.

18. Briefel, Ronette R., et al. “School Food Environments and Practices Affect Dietary Behaviors of US Public School Children.” Journal of the American Dietetic Association, Elsevier, 21 Jan. 2009.

19. Karimy M, Eshrati B. The effect of health promotion model-based training on promoting students’ physical activity. J Kermanshah Univ Med Sci. 2012;16(3):e78795.

20. Small ML, Majer LS, Allensworth DD, Farquhar BK, Kann L, Pateman BC. School health services. J School Health 1995; 65: 319 - 326.

21. Kubik, M. Y., Story, M., & Davey, C. (2007). Obesity prevention in schools: Current role and future practice of school nurses. Preventive Medicine, 44(6), 504-507.

22. Morrison-Sandberg LF, Kubik MY, Johnson KE. Obesity prevention practices of elementary school nurses in Minnesota: findings from interviews with licensed school nurses. J Sch Nurs. 2011 Feb;27(1):13-21.

23. Larrier, Yvonne I., et al. "The Role of School Counselors in the Childhood Obesity Epidemic." Journal of School Counseling 9.3 (2011): n3.

Data Availability

The datasets used and/or analyzed during the current study will be available from the authors upon reasonable request.

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License. Authors who publish this series agree to the following terms:

1. Authors retain copyright and grant the series right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgment of the work's authorship and initial publication in this series.

2. Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the series's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgment of its initial publication in this series.

3. Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See Open Access Instruction).

Volume Title
Proceedings of the International Conference on Modern Medicine and Global Health (ICMMGH 2023)
ISBN (Print)
ISBN (Online)
Published Date
03 August 2023
Theoretical and Natural Science
ISSN (Print)
ISSN (Online)
03 August 2023
Open Access
This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited

Copyright © 2023 EWA Publishing. Unless Otherwise Stated