Theoretical and Natural Science

- The Open Access Proceedings Series for Conferences

Theoretical and Natural Science

Vol. 34, 02 April 2024

Open Access | Article

Circuit design solutions for underwater detection robots

Yujia Li * 1
1 University of Electronic Science and Technology of China

* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.

Advances in Humanities Research, Vol. 34, 1-7
Published 02 April 2024. © 2023 The Author(s). Published by EWA Publishing
This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Citation Yujia Li. Circuit design solutions for underwater detection robots. TNS (2024) Vol. 34: 1-7. DOI: 10.54254/2753-8818/34/20241100.


In recent years, the exploration and utilisation of the environment has become in full swing with the advancement of technology. However, the environment has also suffered a certain degree of damage in the process. As a result of the increasingly serious environmental problems, various environmental issues have become hot spots in society. Among them, marine environmental problems have undoubtedly become one of the focuses of attention. Therefore, the robot design for underwater water quality detection has become an important issue. This paper will mainly focus on the design and research of the hardware circuit system of the underwater detection robot, and give the relevant design scheme. The underwater robot will achieve the following functions: floating suspension at a certain depth in the ocean; synchronously detecting the radiation intensity of x-rays and γ-rays underwater and transmitting the data to the ground to achieve real-time monitoring; maintaining the dynamic balance in the water. Therefore, this paper analyses the pressure sensor circuit, the inertial sensor circuit, the underwater x-ray and γ-ray detection probe circuit and the DC motor drive circuit, determines the interface relationship of each part, and at the same time, uses the Arduino mega 2560 as the control panel, and provide the appropriate voltage according to the needs of each circuit to achieve the hardware circuit design of the robot.


Sensor, underwater robot, circuit


1. Xu Huixi, Lv Fengtian, Shi Kai, Zhu Baotong & Chen Zhong. Research status and development trend of long-term resident autonomous underwater vehicle system in the deep sea. Robot.

2. Pan Nana, Chen Na & Wang Fang. (2021). Design of PID-based motion control system for underwater robots. Shihezi Science & Technology (06), 57-58.

3. Xiao Qinghan. (2021). Research status and trend analysis of underwater robots. Industrial Innovation Research (20), 25-27.

4. Wang Fuli & Ren Baoxiang. (2023). Research status of autonomous/remotely controlled underwater vehicles in China. Machinery Management Development (07), 94-96.

5. Dang Zhaokai. (2023). Research on Motion Attitude Control Method of Underwater Robot (Master’s Thesis, Jiangxi University of Science and Technology).

6. Li Jianghao. (2023). Research on Motion Control of Underwater Vehicles Based on Sliding Mode Control (Master’s Thesis, Northeast Petroleum University).

7. Wang, Lei. (2019). Research on motion control of underwater robots (Master’s thesis, University of Science and Technology of China).

8. Wu Hao. (2023). Research on Motion Control System of Small Underwater Detection Robot (Master’s Thesis, Shandong Jiaotong University).

9. Sun Dong, Tang Qirong, Li Jiang & Cui Guohua. (2023). Design and Implementation of Portable Underwater Robot System. Automation & Instrumentation(07),47-51+56.

10. Fu, Cheng-Ying. (2021). Underwater Robot Design Based on Distributed Control (Master’s thesis, Guangdong University of Technology).

11. Via Andrea Appiani 25 20900 MONZA Italy, Arduino UNO R3 Datasheet. (2023)

12. TE Connectivity Ltd. family of companies, MS5837-30BA Datasheet. (2019).

13. STMicroelectronics, LSM6DSM Datasheet. (2017).

14. STMicroelectronics, L298N Datasheet. (2023).

15. Underwater X-ray and γ-ray inspection probes RW10 (

16. Fan, Tao (2020). Development of a small shallow water underwater robot based on Arduino (Master’s thesis, Northeast Petroleum University).

Data Availability

The datasets used and/or analyzed during the current study will be available from the authors upon reasonable request.

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License. Authors who publish this series agree to the following terms:

1. Authors retain copyright and grant the series right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgment of the work's authorship and initial publication in this series.

2. Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the series's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgment of its initial publication in this series.

3. Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See Open Access Instruction).

Volume Title
Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Computing Innovation and Applied Physics
ISBN (Print)
ISBN (Online)
Published Date
02 April 2024
Theoretical and Natural Science
ISSN (Print)
ISSN (Online)
© 2023 The Author(s)
Open Access
This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited

Copyright © 2023 EWA Publishing. Unless Otherwise Stated